1844: An uprising by black slaves, known as the Conspiracy of La Escalera (Conspiracy of the Ladder), is brutally suppressed.
1848: James Polk floats the idea to Spain of buying Cuba for a hundred million or so. The idea is rebuffed.
1842: Six vessels operate along both coasts of Cuba.
1830: The Railroad arrives and enters key sugar planting areas.
Rita Luisa leaves Cuba after 1945, accompanying her mother, Consuelo, on her odyssey through Panama, Mexico and finally the United States, where she learns about Jim Crow, racial stereotyping, and misshapen ideas in Chickasha, Oklahoma.
1836: Scheduled steamship service begins.
1662: The English fleet led by Christopher Myngs captures Santiago de Cuba to opens trade with neighboring Jamaica.
1628: Dutch fleet led by Piet Heyn plunders the Spanish fleet in Havana Harbor.
1607: Havana is officially named capital of Cuba.
1597: The Castillo del Morro fortress is completed above the eastern entrance to Havana Harbor.